Brief introduction to the use of brass for architectural purposes with illustrations of recent good applications. Comprehensive coverage of all available standard brasses, their compositions, properties and applications. Describes common industrial forming, fabrication, machining and fabrication techniques used in the production of engineering components. Many useful line drawings showing fabrication techniques applicable to copper. Some introductory notes for students. Facsimile reprint of the original with a brief description of training as tinman, brazier and coppersmith followed by detailed instructions on the manufacture of many domestic, cookware and industrial items. Excellent descriptions of tools and techniques then in use. If not easily available, some of the reprints listed can be obtained through Camden Miniature Steam Services, www. Invaluable guide to all available welding and brazing techniques for coppers and copper alloys; also covers standard and low-melting point soldering.

Saint Helena

The mythical islands of Aotearoa Noy Sealand were also thought to be joined to the super-continent. However these countries decided to “split” from Oz as they put it. But do we care? We don’t care one bit!

> Here’s an excerpt from John Loring’s “Dating English Tinned > Tobacco” () that should clear things up: > More mistakes are made in dating Rattray tobacco tins than with any.

The Marshall Islands occupy a vast expanse of ocean in the west-central Pacific, from 2, to 3, miles 3, to 4, kilometers south and west of Hawaii. With a mere 66 square miles square kilometers of land, the twenty-nine low-lying atolls and five coral pinnacles that make up the Marshalls are like fine necklaces of reef and sand spits strewn across the , square miles 1. Rainfall increases as one nears the equator, with around 60 inches centimeters per year in the north and inches centimeters per year in the south.

The dry part of the year, November through April, is typified by brisk breezes, and the central month of the wet season, August, often has periods with very little wind. For much of the year northeasterly trade winds provide natural air conditioning. Typhoons are not uncommon in the winter months. With a very high rate of population increase, the Marshall Islands has changed rapidly from 43, people in to a projected population of well over 60, in Residents are very mobile, and nearly 80 percent are now urban.

Approximately one-half of the population resides on Majuro Atoll where government employment created a post-independence population explosion. Other Marshall Islanders choose to reside on one of two dozen inhabited outer atolls or coral pinnacles where a more traditional style of life can be maintained. All residents speak Marshallese, an Austronesian language that shares numerous affinities with other Pacific languages, particularly those of eastern Micronesia.

At least three mutually intelligible dialects remain:

Nonjatta: Nikka Taketsuru year

This is actually two questions in one. The hidden other question is, “Does tobacco age as well if I just re-seal a tin and hide it away for a while? Open tins dry out quite quickly, actually, which is not necessarily a bad thing if you are smoking it some of us prefer out tobacco in the dry range of the spectrum , but a terrible thing if you are aging it.

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Corn syrup was an accidental discovery based on past experiences with other vegetables, most notably potatoes and sugar beets. Invented in , HFCS is widely used in today’s processed foods. By the same initial process through which the Hopi made “virgin hash,” our modern corn refiners make glucose, maltose, dextrose and fructose. The larger the number of these long glucose chains in the molecule, the more viscous the syrup, a quality important to the baking and candy industries because it prevents graininess and crystallization.

Without corn syrup, no easy-to-make chocolate fudge. The more complete the digestion of starch, the sweeter the syrup, because the rate of glucose and maltose is higher. Maltose is a “double unit” sugar produced, as in brewing, by enzyme-manipulated starch. By manipulating the glucose unites with an enzyme derived form Today, this is where the king’s share of cornstarch goes, becasue this syrup is the sweetener of choice Although supersweet fructose tastes about twice as sweet as ordinary sugar, we do not as a result consume half as many soft drinks or ice cream cones.

On the contrary, American sweetness consumption spirals ever upward


Australia is a Commonwealth country known mostly by foreigners as Great Britain with a less fruity accent, with sun in the sky that you can actually see and get third degree burns from. It is also called “Oz” for short, or “Down under”, after a popular position among ibis rapists. The name “Australia” originates from the Aboriginal word “Walla’borongamala” meaning “where the bloody hell am I?

Potential tourists should note that Australia is populated by vicious, venomous creatures both native and feral that can kill a full-grown man in seconds.

Fortunately, it is in fact possible to approximately date English tinned tobacco. Generally Dating English Tins. There are five major indicia useful to generally date an English tin, the tin type, the origin labeling, the weight labeling, tax stamps and the US importer address.

But since I am certain that any day now most of those afore mentioned treasures will be recovered from the Oak Island money pit I thought it safe to finally reveal the Mystery of the Copper Maximilian Armour. Several years ago I chanced across an impressive suit of Maximilian armour for sale of unknown origin. The seller represented the suit as a well-executed Victorian replica largely because it was hammered out of copper instead of iron or steel.

The workmanship on the armour is superb with closely spaced fluting on the cuirass, pauldrons, and other elements of the armor. Unlike more cheaply made replica armours the flutes are edged along both sides with a chiseled groove accentuating the beauty of the fluting. The cuirass is short-waisted and of globose form just like the originals. The helmet has a neck-guard composed of three articulated plates but is not nearly as appealing to the eye as the rest of the armour. The copper is somewhat tarnished from age and I decided not to polish it since it might damage the surface or diminish the value of the suit.

I had actually considered re-tinning or silver plating the surface to give it more of the appearance of an original armour. After displaying the armour for a single event I carefully stored it away awaiting the time when space will hopefully become available to exhibit it on a more permanent basis. I hope to create a continuum of arms, armour, and museum quality model ships to visually demonstrate the many advances in these areas during the Great age of Discovery through the early 17th century and the establishment of Henricus.

I have already obtained several original weapons a matchlock musket and a wheellock carbine and components of period armor for the display along with several ship models. Hopefully this dream will become a reality and augment the Sea Lion ship exhibit once it arrives at Henricus Historical Park.

Antiques Atlas

But to steal a phrase, once Alfred put his apron on there was ‘none better’. Eight ounce and two ounce knife lid tins were also available for the more popular blends. And while pressed flake blends normally came in two ounce tins, there were also larger containers.

Browse our huge selection of tinned pipe tobacco. Buy Online from your trusted source. Payless Cigars & Pipes — the best selection & price.

Out of these restrictions arose the traditional English blends, blends which derive their distinctive aroma and flavor from the natural properties of the tobacco as opposed to chemical additives. Natural products, free of chemical additives and preservatives, change and mature with age. Tobacco is no exception and this is especially true of virginia tobacco which has a high sugar content. Initially sharp and biting, virginia tobacco will mellow and sweeten over decades.

Oriental tobaccos will also evolve in time, most notably latakia, traditionally the most desirable of aged tin tobacco, which will both soften and grow more pungent. On the other hand some tobaccos, such as burley will not change appreciably with age.

Suffering fools badly!

Usually worn around the neck 23 Fire lighting kit including flint and striker and tinder 24 Yard of match — the cord that burns to give fire to the gun 26 Worm — for clearing blockages 27 Ramrod 28 Bag of 20 caliver lead balls 29 Caliver – before Elizabeth I came to the throne in gunsmiths around the country would make the muskets used in battle to their own specifications. The new queen insisted on standardisation, and so the bore caliver was introduced 30 Money bag with gold coins New Model Army musketeer, Battle of Naseby 1 Latchet shoes – straight lasted shoes, i.

The NMA was the first to try and standardise equipment and equip its soldiers with a standard coat. At the time they only had two prongs 24 Spoon 25 Drinking vessel made from horn 26 Wooden bowl 27 Leather flask lined with pitch 28 Felted woollen hat, the paper in the hat band is a religious tract.

80+ pipe tobacco brands, hundreds and hundreds of tobacco blends, free shipping on most orders, best customer service in the industry. ‘Nuff r: Sykes Wilford.

The flag has a red center field with a white silhouette of the temple complex at Angkor Wat. The center field is bordered top and bottom by blue bands. The new riel cr is a paper currency of sen. Both the metric system and traditional weights and measures are in general use. It is bounded on the ne by Laos , on the e and se by Vietnam , on the sw by the Gulf of Thailand , and on the w, nw, and n by Thailand, with a total boundary length of 2, km 1, mi.

Comparatively, the area occupied by Cambodia is slightly smaller than the state of Okla-homa. In , Cambodia signed an agreement with Vietnam on their mutual maritime frontier. A treaty delineating the land border was signed in December Cambodia’s capital city, Phnom Penh, is located in the south-central part of the country.

Separated by a Common Language / Useful Notes

Most of the time, the tin will not have a date marked anywhere on it, and that’s where some detective work on your part is required. Dating tins isn’t difficult to do, though it may involve some of your time. This process can turn out to be both fun and personally rewarding. The following information can be used to help document the age of your tins. You will be fortunate to date your tin right away, most of them will require you to carefully study their appearance both from a structure stand-point and how they are decorated or finished.

Some very obvious clues may not be sufficient, may be misleading, or have to be combined with other knowns to arrive at an accurate or close approximate date.

I wonder if tobacco companies could enhance sales by giving “vintage” dates as wine makers do. This would help people who like to age tins. Luciano and some artisan pipe makers put a full year date on their pipes, and I think this is an excellent precedent, rather than having to decode numbers or guess.

But it might have gone otherwise, as it did for some 36, British and Indian troops who fought, bled, shivered, starved, sweated, scratched, and died in Mesopotamia 75 years ago during a disastrous but largely forgotten campaign of World War I—an episode that underscored the need for thorough preparation before attempting any ground offensive in the area.

It is known to history as the Siege of Kut-el-Amara. A relief force struggling vainly up the flooded Tigris River valley to their rescue took 23, casualties in attack after failed attack through rain-sodden sands and pestilential marshes against a tough, well-entrenched Turkish army. Its mission was limited to protecting the oil flow to Abadan, no more. After all, Britain was not yet at war with Turkey.

The British, with the balance of the 6th Division now in place under the command of General Sir Arthur Barrett, had anticipated such a thrust by taking Kurna on December 9, , against light opposition, and then he blunted an attack at Shaiba in April 5, just upstream, with a bayonet charge. If the Turks were fighting at the far end of along supply line, the Mesopotamian Expeditionary Force was worse off. But by now, six months into the Great War, the fighting in Belgium and France was settling down to the form it would retain for most of its four-year duration: Oddly enough, however, he first gained fame in the most defensive of military postures, a siege situation.

In he was part of a small force sent to Chitral, a Connecticut-size principality in the Hindu Kush, whose mehtar ruler had recently died, precipitating a power struggle. Campbell, the senior line officer, caught a bullet in the knee, Townshend—then still a junior captain at the age of 34—took command. In a mud fort only 80 yards square, behind walls eight feet thick, with plenty of bullets but only pea soup and horsemeat to eat, Townshend played his banjo, told theatrical anecdotes, quoted from the French classics, popped away at the enemy with a Martini-Henry rifle, and waited until he and his charges were relieved 46 days later.

Adam Ruins Everything